What is Coronavirus and how to prevent this disease?

What is a Coronavirus:

However, this virus is considered to be the type of coronavirus. A coronavirus is a group of infections that can multiple illnesses that include, cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).

The new coronavirus is spreading from person to person among those who are in close contact. Through the respiratory droplets, it is spread, when somebody who is infected with coronavirus coughs or sneeze. It’s still not clear how contagious this virus can be.

Where did Coronavirus come from?

A virus that has been spread worldwide is called as the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Nowadays this disease has been recognized as the main cause of illness. However, this disease started in China in 2019. The infection is named coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

What can I do to avoid becoming ill?

World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control suggest the following ways that should be made necessary to avoid COVID-19:

  1. You should avoid events and gatherings that are surrounded by many people.
  2. Try to avoid close contact and maintain a distance of about 6 feet with anyone having symptoms or feeling sick.
  3. Have distance between yourself and other people if COVID-19 is spreading in your community. Especially if you have a weak immune system or higher risk of serious illness.
  4. Wash your hands regularly with soap and water for almost 20 seconds, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains about 60% of alcohol.
  5. You should cover your mouth and nose with your elbow or a tissue when you need to sneeze or cough. Discard the tissue that you have used.
  6. You must avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth if your hands aren’t clean or sanitized.
  7. Clean and sanitize surfaces you frequently use in your regular routine.

How can I avoid the risk of infection?

Here are a few precautionary measures you and your family can take to stay away from the disease: 

  • Wash your hands every time you touch any area that might have germs. 
  • Cover mouth and nose with tissue paper whenever you wanted to sneeze or cough. To discard utilized tissue right away after using it.
  • Maintain distance from close contact with any person who is having a cold or flu. 
  • Go to the hospital if you or your family member has a fever, as soon as possible.

How to wash your hands properly:

Step 1: Wet hands with running water 

Step 2: To cover wet hands applies enough soap.

Step 3: Wash all areas of your hands including the back of hands, in between the fingers and under the nails for almost 20 seconds. 

Step 4: Rinse your hands completely with running water.

Step 5: At the end dry your hands with a clean towel

Wash your hands frequently, before eating; after cleaning out your nose, sneezing, or coughing; and before going to the bathroom.

If soap and water are not available at the moment, utilize an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with 60% of alcohol. Continuously wash your hands with soap and water, if you notice any dirt on your hands.

Should I wear a medical mask?

Prefer wearing a medical mask is advised if you are having a weak immune system or have respiratory symptoms. This includes both(coughing or sneezing) to protect others from getting it. 

If you are not having any kind of symptoms, you are free and then there is no need for you to wear a mask.

If you are wearing masks, then you must know that these masks should be disposed of properly to ensure the safety of others. Disposing of the masks would lessen the fear of reusing it and to avoid the risk of transmitting the virus into others. 

Not only wearing masks are enough to stop infections from spreading and must involve frequent hand washing as well as covering sneezes and coughs, and avoiding close contact with anyone who is having the symptoms of a cold or the flu.

Does coronavirus affect infants?

Although we don’t know much about this virus, how it influences kids or pregnant ladies. However, it is possible for people of all ages to be contaminated with the infection. But there are not many instances that indicate that COVID-19 is infected among kids. 

The infection is dangerous and causes death in various cases. Therefore, it is necessary for every person to take care of themselves.

What if I have the symptoms of COVID-19?

Go to the hospital for the checkup, but do remember that it is flu season in the Northern Hemisphere. Further, the symptoms of COVID-19, including, cough or fever that can be like this season’s cold virus, or can be basic cold.

Keep on following good hand and respiratory hygiene and keep on maintaining the habit of washing. And keep yourself and your children up to date with the latest vaccinations. These vaccinations will save your children from getting the virus and different microscopic organisms that might cause sicknesses. 

What to do if we travel?

If you are planning a trip abroad, you check the travel and tourism advisory for the desired country you want to visit and consider any limitations on the entry, what are the quarantine requirements on the entry, any other travel advice you need to know before traveling. 

Before you travel towards another country and get isolated due to the viruses spread all over you should check the most recent COVID-19 precautions and updates on the International Air Transport Association site. This will help you get to know more about the conditions of nations and what are the precautionary measures.

Clean your seat, armrest, touchscreen, and so on with a sterilizing wipe once you get inside an airplane or another vehicle. Additionally, utilize a sanitizing wipe to clean key surfaces, door handles remote controls.

If a family member has symptoms?

You look for medical care as soon as possible if you or your youngster has a fever. Consider calling your health care provider if you have made a trip to an area where COVID-19 has been viral, or if you have been in close contact with somebody who has gone from one of these areas and has respiratory symptoms.

Conclusion:

Coronavirus is a serious disease that is spreading all over the globe covering almost everyone. The virus can be controlled with special care and self-isolation. In order to save yourself from the virus, you must follow a few healthy habits and isolate yourself so that you won’t get the disease. The proper way of washing your hands and avoid unhealthy activities would probably save you from getting this virus.

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